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MAJOR LEGISLATION: MINIMUM content of your Management System

Below, some examples are provided of major legislation providing requirements to be be selected as  the management activity areas or elements of a management system. The links provided allow you to obtain additional information which may help you to select specific element activities - see structure, 3.1. and 3.2.  Please note that legislation requirements may change over time and the activity areas mentioned may not be the most recent ones. Please use links provided to obtain most recent information.

Major legislation 

OSHA 29 CFR 1910.119 – Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals. US legislation for the control of major hazards in the process industry. Please visit website for further detail, click on link provided. 

  • Employee Participation   
  • Process Safety Information    
  • Process Hazard Analysis    
  • Operating Procedures    
  • Training    
  • Contractors    
  • Pre-start-up Safety Review   
  • Mechanical Integrity    
  • Hot Work Permit    
  • Management of Change    
  • Incident Investigation 
  • Emergency Planning and Response    
  • Compliance Audit 
  • Trade Secrets    


The principle of multiple causes

Accidents and other loss producing events are seldom, if ever, the result of a single cause.



Seveso II – European legislation. Guidelines on a Major Accident Prevention Policy and Safety Management System, as required by Council Directive 96/82/EC (SEVESO II)

  • Organization and personnel    
  • Hazard identification and evaluation    
  • Operational control    
  • Management of change    
  • Planning for emergencies    
  • Monitoring performance    
  • Audit and review    

OSHA VPP – US legislation covering safety and health in the workplace. OSHA Instrcution - chapter III C, pages 21 - 36.

  • Management Leadership and Employee Involvement 
    • Management Commitment 
    • Employee Involvement 
    • Contract Employee Coverage 
    • Safety and Health Management System Annual Evaluation 
  • Worksite Analysis 
    • Baseline Safety and Industrial Hygiene Hazard Analysis 
    • H azard Analysis of Routine Jobs, Tasks, and Processes 
    • Hazard Analysis of Significant Changes 
    • Pre-use analysis 
    • Documentation and Use of Hazard Analyses 
    • Routine Self-Inspections 
    • Hazard Reporting System for Employees 
    • Industrial Hygiene (IH) Program 
    • Investigation of Accidents and Near-Misses 
    • Trend Analysis 
  • Hazard Prevention and Control 
    • Certified Professional Resources 
    • Hazard Elimination and Control Methods 
    • Hazard Control Programs 
    • Occupational Health Care Program 
    • P reventive Maintenance of Equipment 
    • Tracking of Hazard Correction 
    • Disciplinary System 
    • Emergency Preparedness and Response 
  • Safety and Health Training 



The principle of definition

A logical and proper decision can be made only when the basic or real problems are first defined.



 EPA 40 CFR 68 - Protection of the Environment, Chemical Accident Prevention Provisions - US environmental legislation

  • Hazard assessment   
  • Process safety information  
  • Hazard review  
  • Operating procedures  
  • Training  
  • Maintenance  
  • Compliance audits  
  • Incident investigation  
  • Process safety information
  • Process hazard analysis  
  • Operating procedures
  • Training
  • Mechanical integrity   
  • Management of change   
  • Pre-startup review   
  • Safety audits   
  • Incident investigation   
  • Employee participation  
  • Hot work permit  
  • Contractors  
  • Emergency response program   
  • Accidental release prevention  
  • Risk management plan   
  • Record keeping requirements   

MES - Metatechnical evaluation system - Belgian interpretation of Seveso II 

  • Prevention Activities
    • The process installation
      • Specifying the process installation
      • Implementing the process installation
      • Maintaining the process installation
    • Operational procedures and instructions
      • Specifying operational procedures and instructions
      • Implementing operational procedures and instructions
      • Maintaining operational procedures and instructions
    • Measures for hazardous work
      • Specifying measures for hazardous work
      • Implementing measures for hazardous work
      • Maintaining measures during hazardous work
    • The emergency planning
      • Specifying the emergency planning
      • Implementing the emergency plan
      • Maintaining the emergency planning
    • Personal protective equipment
      • Specifying personal protective equipment
      • Implementing personal protective equipment
      • Maintaining personal protective equipment
  • System activities 
    • Policy
    • Organisation
    • Document management
    • Selection and training
      • Own personnel
      • Third parties
    • Investigation of incidents and accidents
    • Information management
      • Regulations
      • External empirical data
    • Audit


The principle of point of control

The greatest potential for control tends to exist at the point where the action takes place



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