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INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS - content for a Management System

Below, the management activity areas of a number of International Standards are provided. Please note that the information may change over time and the activity areas mentioned may not be the most recent ones. Please use links provided to obtain most recent information, including information helpful for selection of specific element activities.

International Standards - Sources of Management System Elements




International standards providing a rich source to select management system elements and element activities.


ISO 14001 – the ISO standard concerning the control of environmental incidents 

  • Environmental policy 
  • Environmental aspects   
  • Legal and other requirements   
  • Objectives and targets   
  • Environmental management programs   
  • Structure and responsibility   
  • Awareness and competency   
  • Communication   
  • Environmental management system   
  • Document control   
  • Operational control   
  • Emergency preparedness and response   
  • Monitoring and measurement   
  • Non-conformance and corrective and preventive actions   
  • Records    
  • Environmental management system audits   
  • Management review   

ILO-OSH 2001 - International Labour Office Guidelines on OSH (Occupational Safety and Health) Management Systems

  • Policy   
    • Occupational safety and health policy   
    • Worker participation 
  • Organizing 
    • Responsibility and accountability   
    • Competence and training   
    • Occupational safety and health management system documentation   
    • Communication 
  • Planning and implementation 
    • Initial review   
    • System planning, development and implementation   
    • Occupational safety and health objectives   
    • Hazard prevention   
    • Prevention and control measures   
    • Management of change   
    • Emergency prevention, preparedness and response   
    • Procurement    
    • Contracting 
  • Evaluation 
    • Performance monitoring and measurement   
    • Investigation of work-related injuries, ill health, diseases and incidents, and their impact on safety and health performance  
    • Audit   
    • Management review 
  • Action for improvement 
    • Preventive and corrective action 
    • Continual improvement 


OHSAS 18000 – a similar standard (but not ISO) concerning the occupational health and safety


  • OH&S Management system elements   
  • General requirements   
  • OH&S policy 
  • Planning 
    • Planning for hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control   
    • Legal and other requirements   
    • Objectives   
    • OH&S management programs   
  • Implementation and operation 
    • Structure and responsibility 
    • Training awareness and competence   
    • Consultation and communication   
    • Documentation    
    • Document and data control   
    • Operational control   
    • Emergency preparedness and response   
  • Checking and corrective action 
    • Performance measurement and monitoring 
    • Accidents, incidents, non-conformance and corrective and preventive action   
    • Records and records management   
    • Audit 
  • Management review 


API 750 – an American Petroleum Institute recommended practice to manage process hazards 

  • Process Safety Information   
  • Process Hazard Analysis   
  • Management of Change   
  • Operating Procedures   
  • Safe work practices   
  • Training    
  • Assurance of the quality and mechanical   
  • Integrity of critical equipment   
  • Pre-start-up Safety review   
  • Emergency response and Control   
  • Investigation of process-related incidents   
  • Audit of process hazard management systems   

 RESPONSIBLE CARE Codes – guidelines for conduct for the chemical industry


Responsible Care is the copyrighted name under which efforts are described to upgrade the safety and environmental efforts of the international chemical industry. The initiative comes from within the industry itself and a logo is used to identify those companies that make use of the voluntary program.


There are a number of different description which may vary per country. Below I am showing the contents of the program as it was promoted by the American Chemistry Council.  

The program consists of sic codes: 


  • Employee Health and Safety 
  • Process Safety   
  • Community Awareness and Emergency Response (CAER)   
  • Pollution Prevention Resources Manual   
  • Product Stewardship   
  • Distribution    


These codes used to be contained in manuals which one could buy from the American Chemical Manufacturers Association. That was some time ago. Browsing the Internet, I could no longer find them but I give below the main headings, activity areas of elements  of each of the codes as I used to know them. If you want to know more about Responsible Care, I can only advise you to search the Internet. Starting point may be the site of the International Council of Chemical Associations. I understand that the number of codes have been reduced from the previous 6 (mentioned above and below) to presently 3: the Operations Code, the Accountability Code and the Stewardship Code. The listing of activity areas as given below may no longer be up-to-date.


Process Safety Code 

  • Commitment    
  • Accountability   
  • Performance Measurement   
  • Incident Investigation   
  • Information Sharing   
  • CAER Integration (CAER = Community Awareness and Emergency Response)
  • Design Documentation   
  • Process hazard Information   
  • Process Hazard Analysis   
  • Management of Change   
  • Siting   
  • Codes and Standards   
  • Safety Reviews   
  • Maintenance and Inspection   
  • Multiple Safeguards   
  • Emergency Management   
  • Job Skills   
  • Safe Work Practices   
  • Initial Training   
  • Employee Proficiency   
  • Fitness for Duty   
  • Contractors    


Employee Health and Safety Code

  • Management Commitment   
  • Employee Participation   
  • Contractor Selection and Oversight   
  • Written Programs   
  • Program Assessments   
  • Data Collection and Analysis   
  • Hazard Identification   
  • Hazard Evaluation   
  • Medical Fitness   
  • Medical Surveillance   
  • Design and Operations Review   
  • Health and Safety Equipment   
  • Preventive Maintenance and Housekeeping Programs   
  • Incident Investigation   
  • Site Security   
  • Emergency Medical Assistance   
  • Communications   
  • Training Programs   


Community Awareness and Emergency Response (CAER) code 

  • Employee concern assessment   
  • Communications training (internal/external)   
  • Employee education and emergency response plan and HSE programs   
  • Ongoing employee dialogue and outreach   
  • Evaluation of employee communication efforts   
  • Ongoing assessment of community concerns   
  • Outreach program on emergency response program and community risks   
  • Ongoing dialogue with local citizens   
  • Policy of openness   
  • Regular evaluation of community communications   
  • Ongoing assessment of risks from accidents   
  • Written emergency response plan   
  • Ongoing employee training on response responsibilities   
  • Emergency exercises to test emergency response plan   
  • Communication to local emergency planning committee   
  • Familiarize emergency responders to facility   
  • Coordination of facility emergency response plan with community plan   
  • Participation in testing community emergency response plan   
  • Sharing emergency response plan information with other facilities   


Pollution Prevention Resources Manual 

  • Management commitment   
  • Quantitative inventory   
  • Impact assessment   
  • Education and dialogue   
  • Priorities, goals and plan for release reduction   
  • Implementation of reduction activities   
  • Measurement of progress   
  • Communicate progress   
  • Waste and release in research and design   
  • Promotion and support of waste and release reduction by others   
  • Periodic evaluation of waste management practices   
  • Selection etc of contractors and toll manufacturers   
  • Ground water protection programs   
  • Addressing past practices   


Product Stewardship 

  • Leadership    
  • Accountability and performance measurement   
  • Resources    
  • HSE information   
  • Product risk characterization   
  • Risk management system   
  • product and process design and improvement   
  • Employee education and products use feedback   
  • Contract manufacturers   
  • Suppliers    
  • Distributors    
  • Customers and other direct products receivers   



  • Risk management   
  • Compliance reviews and training   
  • Carrier safety   
  • Handling and storage   
  • Emergency preparedness   


CCPS - Center for Chemical Process Safety


CCPS is affiliated with the AIChE. The Center is committed to developing practices to control accidental release of chemicals and their consequences.  


There are several publications by CCPS that refer to management system contents. One of those is the "Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety", includuing the following elements:


4.1.Commitment to Process Safety

4.1.1 Element – Process Safety Culture

4.1.2 Element – Compliance with Standards

4.1.3 Element – Process Safety Competency

4.1.4 Element – Workforce Involvement

4.1.5 Element – Stakeholders Outreach

4.2 Understanding Hazards and Risks

4.2.1 Element – Process Knowledge Management

4.2.2 Element – Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis

4.3. Manage Risk

4.3.1 Element – Operating Procedures

4.3.2 Element – Safe Work Practices

4.3.3 Element – Asset Integrity and Reliability

4.3.4 Element – Contractor Management

4.3.5 Element – Training and Performance Assurance

4.3.6 Element – Management of Change

4.3.7 Element – Operational Readiness

4.3.8 Element – Conduct of Operations

4.3.9 Element – Emergency Management

4.4. Learn from Experience

4.4.1 Element – Incident Investigation

4.4.2 Element – Measurements and Metrics

4.4.3 Element – Auditing

4.4.4 Element – Management Review and Continuous Improvement

SCC - Safety Certification Contractors 

The SCC (SHE Checklist Contractors) originated in The Netherlands as the VCA and in 1994 started as the first accredited safety certification scheme that I am aware of.


 The SCC contains 12 chapters:

  • Safety, health and environmental (SHE) policy and organization, management involvement 
  • SHE risk analysis / plan of action   
  • Training, information and instructions  
  • SHE behavior  
  • SHE project plan  
  • Environmental protection  
  • Preparations for emergency situations  
  • SHE inspections  
  • Company health service  
  • Purchase and inspection of materials, equipment and tools  
  • Procurement of services  
  • Notification, registration and investigation of incidents  

SCC is known in The Netherlands as VCA: VeiligheidsChecklijst Aannemers. The operation of SCC/VCA is being supervised by SSVV.


ISO 26000 - Social responsibility


  • Organizational governance 
  • Human rights 
    • Due diligence 
    • Human rights risk situations 
    • Avoidance of complicity 
    • Resolving grievances 
    • Discrimination and vulnerable groups 
    • Civil and political rights 
    • Economic, social and cultural rights 
    • Fundamental rights at work 
  • Labour Practices 
    • Employment and employment relationships 
    • Conditions of work and social protection 
    • Social dialogue 
    • Health and safety at work 
    • Human development and training in the workplace 
  • The environment 
    • Prevention of pollution 
    • Sustainable resource use 
    • Climate change mitigation and adaptation 
    • Protection and restoration of the natural environment 
  • Fair operating practices 
    • Anti–corruption 
    • Responsible political involvement 
    • Fair competition 
    • Promoting social responsibility in the sphere of influence 
    • Respect for property rights 
  • Consumer issues 
    • Fair marketing, information and contractual practices 
    • Protecting consumers’ health and safety 
    • Sustainable consumption 
    • Consumer service, support, and dispute resolution 
    • Consumer data protection and privacy 
    • Access to essential services 
    • Education and awareness 
  • Community involvement and development 
    • Community involvement 
    • Education and culture 
    • Employment creation and skills development 
    • Technology development 
    • Wealth and income creation 
    • Health 
    • Social investment 


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